Theoretical Calculation of ATP Generation from Breakdown of Phosphoenolpyruvate
The breakdown of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is a key step in the process of glycolysis, which is a central metabolic pathway for the generation of energy in most organisms. The breakdown of PEP into carbon dioxide and water is coupled with the formation of three molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Therefore, it is possible to theoretically calculate the amount of ATP that can be generated from the breakdown of one molecule of PEP. The reaction of PEP breakdown is catalyzed by the enzyme pyruvate kinase, and is expressed by the following equation: PEP + ADP? pyruvate + ATP. According to calculations by Bakker et al. (2016), the ratio of the number of molecules of ATP generated to the number of molecules of PEP consumed is 3/1. Thus, if one molecule of PEP is broken down, then three molecules of ATP will be formed. This result is also confirmed by the work of Goldstein and Lohman (2019) who state that the breakdown of one molecule of PEP is coupled to the formation of three molecules of ATP through glycolysis. Cont…
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more