The Positive Urine Test: Detecting Pathological Conditions
A positive urine test can indicate a range of pathological conditions, with the most common being urinary tract infections, kidney stones, diabetes, and liver disease. Urinary tract infections are most often caused by bacteria and can be detected through the presence of nitrites and leukocytes in the urine (Dutta, 2019). Kidney stones are often detected through the presence of calcium and oxalate crystals in the urine (Raj, 2021). Diabetes can be detected through an increase in glucose in the urine (Tasneem, 2016). Finally, liver disease can be detected through an increase in bilirubin in the urine (Valles, 2020). These conditions can cause a variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe. Urinary tract infections can cause burning or pain during urination, a frequent urge to urinate, or cloudy or strong-smelling urine (Dutta, 2019). Kidney stones can cause severe pain in the abdominal area, pain or burning during urination, nausea, or vomiting (Raj, 2021). Diabetes can cause frequent urination, increased thirst, fatigue, or weight loss (Tasneem, 2016). Finally, liver disease can cause fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, or jaundice (Valles, 2020). Cont…..
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