The IUPAC Name of the Carboxylic Acid Formed by the Hydrogenation of Oleic Acid
Oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid, which is a major constituent of many animal and vegetable oils. It is well known for its wide range of biomedical applications, including its use as a food ingredient, pharmaceutical agent, and anti-cancer and anti-diabetic treatments. In addition, oleic acid is a valuable starting material in the synthesis of industrial chemicals. One of the most common transformations of oleic acid is its hydrogenation, which results in the formation of a carboxylic acid. According to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) nomenclature, the carboxylic acid formed by the hydrogenation of oleic acid is known as elaidic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid). Elaidic acid, which is also known as trans-9-octadecenoic acid, is a saturated fatty acid that is highly resistant to oxidation and has a higher melting point than oleic acid (James, 2017). It is a widely used ingredient in the food industry, as it has a long shelf life and can be used as a fat substitute in various products such as margarine, spreads, and processed foods. Additionally, elaidic acid has been studied for its potential medical applications, with studies suggesting that it may be beneficial in lowering cholesterol levels (James, 2017). Cont…
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