The Effects of Glucagon and Insulin on Metabolic Regulation
Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas that plays a key role in glucose metabolism. It stimulates the breakdown of glycogen stored in the liver and muscles, releasing glucose into the bloodstream. This, in turn, increases blood sugar levels, which in turn stimulates the production of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that is responsible for the uptake of glucose from the bloodstream, allowing it to be used by cells for energy. The two hormones, glucagon and insulin, work together to regulate the metabolic processes in the body. Research has shown that glucagon plays a fundamental role in glucose metabolism, acting as a counter-regulatory hormone to insulin (Morris, et al., 2020). It increases glucose production in the liver and glycogenolysis, while insulin stimulates glucose uptake in the muscles and adipose tissue (Liu et al., 2016). This balance between glucagon and insulin is essential for maintaining normal glucose levels in the body. In addition, glucagon has been found to be important in helping to regulate fat metabolism, as it stimulates lipolysis and the release of free fatty acids into the blood (Ristow et al., 2021). Cont…
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