LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN INVESTIGATIONS,Legal and ethical issues arise due to the evolving nature of criminal investigation, advancements in technology, and increased public awareness, among other reasons. A historical example from the 1960s is the question of a suspect’s legal rights while in custody, an issue that resulted in the now-famous Miranda warnings. Miranda reduces ambiguity by requiring a verbal statement directly addressing those rights. For this Assignment, you analyze a current legal or ethical issue related to investigations and propose a way to address it. Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity. Click the weekly resources link to access the resources. To prepare: Choose one of the legal or ethical issues below drawn from the course topics. Conduct research in the Walden Library to locate at least five academic sources on your chosen issue. Technology Should law enforcement utilize whatever tools necessary until told otherwise—that is, does public safety override the law’s ability to keep up with technology? Standardization Across Disciplines Are the evidence collection tools and procedures the same in all jurisdictions and disciplines (e.g., hospital procedures such as nursing processes, standardization for collecting sexual assault evidence, lab procedures, etc.)? Legal Interpretation and Development of New Laws Proper evidence protection is the result of learning from mistakes that may have ruined evidence in the past. Mistakes are not always deliberate efforts to undermine the law. Deception in Interrogation Where is the line drawn between deception and acceptable tactics to establish the truth? Submit a 750-word paper that addresses the following: Summarize the ethical or legal issue you have chosen. Explain how the issue has evolved over time. Explain your position on the issue, being sure to support your position with evidence from academically appropriate sources. Propose a process, policy, or legal change that could have short- or long-term effects to address the issue you have chosen.


Deception in interrogation refers to the use of misleading or false information by law enforcement officers during questioning in order to obtain a confession or other valuable information. This practice has been the subject of much ethical and legal debate in recent years. The use of deception in interrogation dates back to at least the early 20th century, with the advent of the Reid technique (Inbau et al., 2019). However, it was not until the Supreme Court case of Frazier v. Cupp in 1969 that the use of deception in interrogation was specifically addressed in the United States (Frazier v. Cupp, 1969). In this case, the Court held that the use of deception by law enforcement officers during interrogation does not necessarily render a confession inadmissible, as long as the deception does not “shock the conscience” of the suspect (Frazier v. Cupp, 1969). Since then, the use of deception in interrogation has remained a controversial and legally complex issue. Some have argued that it is a necessary tool for law enforcement officers to obtain important information and solve crimes (Inbau et al., 2018), while others have pointed to the potential for abuse and the risk of eliciting false confessions (Gudjonsson, 2022). Cont…

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