LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN INVESTIGATIONS
Deception in interrogation refers to the use of misleading or false information by law enforcement officers during questioning in order to obtain a confession or other valuable information. This practice has been the subject of much ethical and legal debate in recent years. The use of deception in interrogation dates back to at least the early 20th century, with the advent of the Reid technique (Inbau et al., 2019). However, it was not until the Supreme Court case of Frazier v. Cupp in 1969 that the use of deception in interrogation was specifically addressed in the United States (Frazier v. Cupp, 1969). In this case, the Court held that the use of deception by law enforcement officers during interrogation does not necessarily render a confession inadmissible, as long as the deception does not “shock the conscience” of the suspect (Frazier v. Cupp, 1969). Since then, the use of deception in interrogation has remained a controversial and legally complex issue. Some have argued that it is a necessary tool for law enforcement officers to obtain important information and solve crimes (Inbau et al., 2018), while others have pointed to the potential for abuse and the risk of eliciting false confessions (Gudjonsson, 2022). Cont…
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