Learning Goal: I’m working on a psychology multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Critical Review Assignment
It is important that you learn how to critically review research. In our society today, we are exposed to many studies. Some are excellent, some are useful, and some are invalid and unreliable. How can you determine what information is useful and what is dangerous? The most important thing you will learn from this course—and from your college education—is how to critically evaluate information presented to you. Critical thinking involves asking five questions: who, what, when, where, how.
Find and read an article in the news media that reports the results of a scientific study on the addiction.
Find the original scientific study using Keiser Library or Google Scholar. This should be the original study that was referenced by the reporter in the new media article that you found. The news article is considered a secondary source, whereas the original study is considered a primary source.
Compare the original journal article (primary source) to the article that reported on it (secondary source). How accurately did the media report the study?
Discuss these questions in your assignment: Where: Where did this article/Web page appear? Is this reasonable? Is the publishing entity respectable/responsible?
Who: Who wrote/published the article/Web page? What are their credentials? Are the credentials appropriate for their argument?
When: Is this current information? If yes, do you think it will stand the “test of time”? If no, is it outdated or is it classic?
What: What argument is/are the author(s) making? Is it logical? Based on what you know, is it reasonable? What evidence is given to support the argument? Can you think of evidence to refute it?
How: How was the supporting/refuting evidence collected? Is this credible? What kind of evidence do you think needs to be gathered to test the argument? Did the author(s) do this?
Make sure to cite the news article and the research study it references. See the examples below the grading rubric:
Critical ReviewPoint Value
Cover all 5 questions in at least 200 words12 Points each (60)
References for both sources (news article and original study)20 Points
SAMPLE CRITICAL REVIEW
Secondary Source: Healy, M. (2019). Opioid addiction can be overcome with mindfulness, study suggests. Retrieved from https://www.latimes.com/science/story/2019-10-17/addiction-to-opioids-can-be-overcome-with-mindfulness
Primary Source: Garland, E. L., Atchley, R. M., Hanley, A. W., Zubieta, J.-K., & Froeliger, B. (2019). Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement remediates hedonic dysregulation in opioid users: Neural and affective evidence of target engagement. Science Advances, 5(10), eaax1569. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax1569
Where: The LA Times is a nationally syndicated newspaper, and it is largest daily metropolitan newspaper in the country. This particular article was posted online, and it is not clear whether it was also published in print. This is a well-known and respectable source.
Who: Melissa Healy is a staff writer for the LA Times. She is credited as a health and science reporter and she has been working at the LA Times for more than 30 years. She appears to be a very reputable reporter.
When: The article in the LA Times was published online on October 17. 2019 at 6:00 AM.
What: This news article discusses the results of a recent peer-reviewed article published in the Science Advances journal by Garland et al. (2019). The news articles discusses the findings of a study on using mindfulness techniques to treat opioid addiction. The new article links to the peer-reviewed study (primary source), making it easy for readers to retrieve the original source of the information. Additionally, the news article includes multiple quotations from experts in the field including the authors and co-authors of the primary source for this study. The writing here is tempered and seems unbiased; it does not make any outrageous claims about the research being reported on.
How: As mentioned above, the news article provides quotations from the authors of the study and includes a link to the study as well.
In summary, this news article reports on an important new study which showed the mindfulness may be an effective psychotherapeutic technique to help alleviate issues related to opioid use disorder.
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