Geology of New Zealand: Different Types of Rocks,what kind of rocks are in New Zealand (sedimentary, few volcanic rocks)?

Geology of New Zealand: Different Types of Rocks

New Zealand is a country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, and its landmass is made up of two main islands, the North Island and the South Island. The geology of New Zealand is very diverse and can be broken down into two main categories: sedimentary and volcanic rocks. The main type of sedimentary rock found in New Zealand is limestone, which is formed by the accumulation of shells and skeletons of microscopic organisms. This type of rock is mainly found on the North Island and is an important resource for the country’s construction and agricultural industries (Oregon State University, 2019). Sandstones, mudstones, and siltstones are also found in New Zealand, mainly on the South Island, and are used for construction. The other main type of rock found in New Zealand is volcanic rock. The North Island has the highest concentration of volcanic rocks, and the most common type is basalt, which is a dark-coloured igneous rock made up of plagioclase and pyroxene (Oregon State University, 2019). These volcanic rocks are mainly found in the Auckland Volcanic Field, which is home to over 50 volcanoes, and are used for construction. In addition, New Zealand also has some rare and unique types of rocks, such as serpentinite, schist, and peridotite. These rocks are mostly found in the South Island and are used in the jewellery and gemstone industries. Cont…


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