You are continuing to be a local human service provider. Your manager asks you to contribute an opinion piece about the state’s prison and jail services.
A opinion piece should be no more than 900 words. In your :?????? article, complete the following.?
· Describe the major beliefs of 4 criminological theories.
· For each criminological theory, explain what human services should be provided to inmates.
· Of the services identified for each criminological theory, list the services that are not currently provided by your local or state agencies.
· Discuss your personal beliefs related to which human services should be provided by your local or state agencies.
· Discuss a conclusion focused on changes in human services you would like to see made by your local or state agencies.
Correctional and Jail Services Gaps
It is important to look at any gaps in service between prison and jail when evaluating the effectiveness of the criminal justice systems. Before you can tackle these issues, however, it is important to have a solid understanding of criminology. This necessitates taking into account four fundamental tenets as discussed by Van & Douglas, (2018): Rational Choice Theory, Sociological Positivism, Biological Positivism, and Psychological Positivism. These theories explain crime by using reason. They distinguish three possible causes of criminal behavior: predispositions, deliberate choices, and environmental factors. Rational Choice theory states that offenders are motivated to commit crime in pursuit of a desired objective. This could be material gain, such as power or money, or intellectual development (such knowledge). Sociological positivism considers the person’s social, cultural, educational, political, family and friends to explain their crime. According to “Biological Positivism”, an anthropological theory, some individuals are born criminals because of fundamental differences in biology and development. Psychological Positivism asserts that illegal behavior is rooted in a person’s personality or mental health. Cont…
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