[Answered](a) What is ultimate reality? (b) What is the nature of the universe? (c) What is a human being? (d) What is knowledge? (e) What is your basis of ethics? (f) What is the purpose of your existence? – Original Papers Only

Christian Perspective of Spirituality and Ethics in Contrast to Postmodern Relativism within Health Care: Christianity believes spirituality is a relationship between an individual and God, recognizing that each person was made in the image of God and has an ultimate purpose. As such, Christian perspectives on health care emphasize ethical practices that honor the dignity of every life, guided by principles from scripture. Such ethics are based on absolute truths about what is right and wrong, with values such as compassion, mercy, justice, humility and respect for all people regardless of their background or beliefs. Within this worldview, it is believed that truth can be discovered through faith and reason – leading to well-informed decisions regarding health care practices. In contrast to this view stands postmodern relativism which holds that there are no universal principles or moral absolutes; instead each individual should have autonomy over their own decisions concerning their health care needs and rights. This view supports diversity in opinion while rejecting any notion of one “objective” truth or standard way of doing things when it comes to matters related to medical treatment.


Based on the required topic study materials, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following: In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care. In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it. In 750-1,000 words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview: (a) What is ultimate reality? (b) What is the nature of the universe? (c) What is a human being? (d) What is knowledge? (e) What is your basis of ethics? (f) What is the purpose of your existence?


What is Scientificism?: Scientism refers to the belief that scientific knowledge is superior to other forms of knowledge when it comes understanding how world works . This philosophy places heavy emphasis objectivity hypothesis testing rational inquiry as means acquiring information , downplaying role subjective experience personal beliefs determining valid facts truths . It also advocates applying scientific methodologies realms traditionally non-scientific fields – such psychology sociology religion art etc – believing these areas will benefit same accuracy rigor used study physical sciences .

Two Main Arguments Against Scientism: Firstly , scientism relies heavily upon reductionistic principle meaning its focus lies reducing complex systems processes into simpler components analyze independently – thus potentially neglecting importance holistic approach which could provide additional insights deeper levels interaction between parts whole system being studied . Secondly , strong reliance upon empiricism tends lead false sense certainty ; namely research findings observations time becoming outdated quickly due ever changing nature reality itself which requires constant reevaluation reassessment theories explanations order remain valid given new data available . Both issues challenge validity scientistic thought ultimately call into question any claims superiority compared religious spiritual philosophical approaches gaining knowledge world around us .

My Personal Perspective on Worldview Questions: (a) What is ultimate reality? My answer would be that ultimate reality lies beyond our physical perception; we cannot totally understand the full extent of existence but I believe it exists beyond what we can see sense touch hear smell taste through our five senses alone.

(b) What is the nature of the universe? The universe appears chaotic at times yet I believe there must be some underlying order amid all its complexity driven by forces both known unknown.

(c) What is a human being? A human being can be defined as a conscious entity capable making choices having thoughts feelings emotions while existing within social environment.

(d) What is knowledge? Knowledge consists pieces information acquired various sources applied practical ways produce beneficial outcomes both individuals society at large.

(e)What is your basis for ethics? My ethical foundation follows Golden Rule : treat others way wish treated ourselves respecting autonomy freedom those involved our lives even disagree viewpoints come into contact with daily basis.

(f) What is the purpose of your existence? To me , primary purpose life gain better understanding self surroundings grow as individual contribute positively towards collective journey fraught uncertainty hope along way .

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