When Rene Descartes introduced the concept of “thinking” in his Meditations on First Philosophy, he defined it as an action which involves using one’s mind to explore and analyze ideas. He described thinking as a process which enables us to use our reason and apply logic to gain knowledge from experience. He believed that this type of thinking was essential for understanding the world around us, allowing us to make sense of the events taking place in our lives.
What does Descartes mean by ‘thinking’? Is this how you understand the term?
Descartes argued that there were two different types of thinking: active thinking, which is conscious and purposeful; and passive thinking, which is unconscious or automatic. Active thinking is used when we are trying to solve a problem or come up with new ideas while passive thinking refers to more mundane activities such as daydreaming or ruminating over past events. It was through active thought that Descartes maintained people could use their minds in order understand reality better.
See also Lockheed Martin Ethics Program, After reading Chapter 2 of the text, please write a 4- to 5-page essay that addresses the following: Lockheed has an interesting history that seemed innocent enough up until around the 1950s. You'll note on p. 56 of Terris’ book that the company began to engage in some questionable sales strategies with other nations in an effort sell the F-104 Starfighter so as to recoup costs when their U.S. sales strategy failed. Describe some of the unorthodox strategies covered by Terris during this era that made Lockheed become "…a byword for the shady practices of American multi-national corporations, and a major impetus for new legislation...". On the issue of overseas bribes, Terris asks the questions, "Who was hurt by the [overseas bribes to secure sales of aircraft]? The competitors, of course, but what was unethical about beating out the competition that was playing by the same rules?” (p.59). What do you think about a situation where underhanded and back-door deals are the way the game is played if everybody is on the same playing field? That is to say, if everybody is playing by the same shady rules, is it unethical to compete? In your reading you will note that defense contractors continued to find themselves in hot water well into the 1970s as a result of overpricing and additional charges of bribery. In the late '70s Lockheed established its first code of ethics and later the major defense contractors came to the table to level the playing field with the Defense Industry Initiative (DII), by agreeing on a set of ethical principles. This was an important turning point as was bringing Norman Augustine on board. Why was the DII so important to the eventual success of Lockheed Martin’s ethics program? Discuss Norman Augustine's and Dilbert's contribution in helping Lockheed Martin turn the corner with its ethics program.
I believe Descartes view on ‘thinking’ can be applied today, especially in regards how we approach challenges situations Although some may view themselves solely capable carrying out active thought processes suggest combining both passive active ways looking issues can beneficial In certain cases stepping back allowing time think about what best course action without applying any pressure often helps lead clearer conclusions On contrary other times situation requires swift response thus engaging actively immediately necessary Such varying approaches always taken account depending particular case at hand
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