How enzymes are involved in digestion: Types, reactions, and sites
Digestive function is complex and requires many enzymes in order to reduce food to its most basic form. Proteins that work as catalysts in biochemical reactions are called enzymes. They are essential to proper digestion and the absorption of nutrients. Below are links to five enzymes which play an important role in digestion. 1. Amylase: Amylase hydrolyzes starch and other polysaccharides into trisaccharides, disaccharides, and oxalates. The reaction equation for Amylase is C6H10O5+ H2O. C6H12O6 + H+. Hydrolytic reactions are hydrolytic, with the site of action being in the mouth or small intestine.
2. Trypsin: Trypsin, an endopeptidase enzyme, catalyzes hydrolysis of peptide bond. You can find its reaction equation at AP + H2O. It’s a hydrolytic process, which is also known as A+P. The site of the reaction is the small intestinale.
3. Lipase – Lipase catalyzes hydrolysis of Triglycerides to fatty acids and Glycerol. The reaction equation for this enzyme is TG+ H2O. FA + G. This is called a hydrolytic reaction and the site of its reaction is small intestine. Cont….
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