Which of the following is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease? A .macrophages B. Increased blood levels of HDL C. Increased blood levels of VLDL D. Increased blood levels of IDL E. Increased blood levels of LDL. The Impact of Lipoproteins on Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Risk Factors that Influence Lipoproteins in Cardiovascular Disease

Understanding the role of lipoproteins in cardiovascular disease is crucial. The body’s lipoproteins transport cholesterol, fat and triglycerides. There are five kinds of lipoproteins. They include chylomicrons and very low-density (VLDLs), high-density (HDLs), medium-density (IDLs), and low-density (LDLs). The most important when discussing cardiovascular disease risk are HDLs (and LDLs). Research has consistently demonstrated that LDL levels are linked to an increase in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (Grundy and al. 2020). However, higher levels of HDLs have been associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk (Girgis and al. (2018). Macrophages are also a type white blood cell and play an important part in atherosclerosis development, which is the hardening or narrowing of the arterial arteries, which is the primary cause of stroke and heart attacks (Mace and al., 2016). A lower risk of heart disease can be associated with higher HDLs, and decreased LDLs, while macrophages may increase your risk. Cont…

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